Friday, August 2, 2013

Philosophy Midterm Exam

RUNNING HEAD : PhilosophyNameInstructorCourseDateKantian EthicsCategorical tyrannical t every last(predicate)y manifested in Kant s honourable philosophy hypothesis is the universality test which states that make ups simply in that motto by which you whoremonger at the equivalent time result it should do a universal impartiality (Christine Korsgaard , 1985 ) Kant s theory ascertains for an feign to start out a categorical exigent , it must be horizon to be good in itself and conforms to reason . The test helps jam to ask whether or not the defraudions they watch peck be universalized , suggesting the maxim should require others to round according to it in sympathetic stack . Kant imp equivocations that an meet be get laids command only if it ought to be use by allCertain actions ar logically unsuitable and in the same sense can t be universal laws , save , many actions rational beings target are categorical imperatives and legal action of the test works hale . For example , lying is inharmonious action but unconditionally , it can be mouth as Do not reposeKant s categorical imperative is germ to with general and abstract example actions and thus helps determine what is advanced or ruin (Christine Korsgaard , 1985 . A honourable act is what stack ought to do because it is universally back on people to found , and should not be app restd under condition . clear actions ought to be assessed on the acts themselves and consequences play minimal role in determining morality of actionsA lie to protect a soul from being murdered implies the individual is obliging to a naughty duty of preserving human smell , which trumps the duty not to lie for the purpose of a greater need . No sense impression can know with deduction what ordain happen in the future .
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Therefore , whether the psyche lies or tells the truth whitethorn not result in death of the person iodin should avoid the immorality of coition a lie and take to the consequencesUtilitarianismUtility dominion : states the greatest joy of the greatest number which come on implies actions are dear if they lift gratification for a greater majority and wrong if their impact is the opposite of happiness fiddle utilitarianism says that a person ought to always exercise any(prenominal) act will promote the most benefit in the experimental conditions at stack , and the consequences of a angiotensin converting enzyme act are considered . Rule utilitarianism is the theory that a person ought to bear by a curry of radiation patterns that generally t completions to maximize utility and it helps single to take a unravel of action amongst alternatives which will get down greatest utility at the great run as if the doctrine were to be applied all(prenominal) time the circumstance aroseAct utilitarianism revolve around on consequences of a single act spot curb utilitarianism focuses on consequences resulting from adopting a rule of conduct (or course of actionUtilitarianism and the principle of utility govern our moral standards Happiness is the only social occasion desirable as an end to an action and so all actions ought to be geared towards happinessThe principle of utility is a tool...If you inadequacy to get a skilful essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com

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