Saturday, December 28, 2019

Core and Periphery, Two Types That Make the World

The countries of the world can be divided into two major world regions: the core and the periphery. The core includes major world powers and the countries that contain much of the wealth of the planet. The periphery has those countries that are not reaping the benefits of global wealth and globalization. The Theory of Core and Periphery Many reasons exist as to why this global structure has formed, but generally speaking, there are many barriers, physical and political, that prevent the poorer citizens of the world from participating in global relations. The disparity of wealth between core and periphery countries is staggering. Oxfam noted that 82 percent of the worlds 2017 income went to the richest one percent of people. The Core The top 20 countries ranked by the United Nations Human Development Index are all in the core. However, of note is the slowing, stagnant, and occasionally declining population growth of these countries. The opportunities created by these advantages perpetuate a world driven by individuals in the core. People in positions of power and influence around the world are often brought up or educated in the core (nearly 90 percent of world leaders have a degree from a Western university). The Periphery The population is skyrocketing in the periphery because of a number of contributing factors, including a limited ability to move and the use of children as a means to support a family, among others. Many people living in rural areas perceive opportunities in cities and take action to migrate there, even though there are not enough jobs or housing to support them. About one billion people now live in slum conditions, the UN estimates, and the majority of population growth around the world is occurring in the periphery. The rural-to-urban migration and high birth rates of the periphery are creating both megacities, urban areas with more than eight million people, and hyper cities, urban areas with more than 20 million people. These cities, such as Mexico City or Manila, have slum areas that can contain up to two million people with little infrastructure, rampant crime, no health care, and massive unemployment. Core-Periphery Roots in Colonialism Industrialized nations played a key role in establishing political regimes during postwar reconstruction. English and the Romance languages remain the state languages for many non-European countries long after their foreign colonists have packed up and gone home. This makes it difficult for anyone brought up speaking a local language to assert him or herself in a Eurocentric world. Also, public policy formed by Western ideas may not provide the best solutions for non-Western countries and their problems. Core-Periphery in Conflict Here are some examples of border clashes between nations of the core and the periphery: The growing fence between the U.S. (core) and Mexico (periphery) to prevent the entrance of unauthorized immigrants.The Demilitarized Zone between North and South Korea.Air and naval patrols on the waters between Australia and Southeast Asia and between the EU and North Africa to keep out unwanted immigrants.The UN-enforced border separating the Turkish north and Greek south of Cyprus, known as the Green Line. The core-periphery model is not limited to a global scale, either. Stark contrasts in wages, opportunities, access to health care, and so on among a local or national population are commonplace. The United States, the quintessential beacon for equality, exhibits some of the most obvious examples. U.S. Census Bureau data estimated that the top 20 percent of wage earners made up roughly 51 percent of all U.S. income in 2016, and the top five percent of earners made 22 percent of all U.S. income. For a local perspective, witness the slums of Anacostia, whose impoverished citizens live a stones throw from the grand marble monuments that represent the power and affluence of Washington, D.C.s central downtown. Although the world may be metaphorically shrinking for the minority in the core, the world maintains a rough and limiting geography for the majority in the periphery.

Jeremy Bryan Jones Profile of a Killer

In 2005, Jeremy Bryan Jones was sentenced to death for the 2004 rape and murder of his 45-year-old neighbor, Lisa Nichols. That sentence was upheld in 2010 by the Alabama Appeals Court, according to the Associated Press. At the request of his defense lawyer, Jones underwent a psychological evaluation. Reporters were able to obtain a profile from a psychiatrist who interviewed Jones right after he was arrested for Nichols murder. Explosive Personality Dr. Charles Herlihy, who was asked by investigative reporter Josh Bernstein to interpret the profile, said that Jones could be very calculating but explosive when he doesnt get what he wants. According to the profile, Jones suffers from severe depression and an anti-social personality. Herlihy described him as explosive and a sociopath incapable of adjusting to a normal life. Herlihy also described Jones as full of rage and possibly capable of killing multiple times. Jones also was a prolific drug abuser and suffered from liver failure and hepatitis C. hy reviewed an 11-page evaluation of Jones by Dr. Doug McKeown, a psychologist for the prosecution who spent a day with Jones. Oklahoma Murders In early 2005, deputies from the Craig County, Oklahoma, sheriffs office interviewed Jones in Alabama about a December 30, 1999, murder in Welch, Oklahoma. Danny and Kathy Freeman were found shot to death and the trailer they lived in was set on fire. The Freemans daughter, Ashley Freeman, and her friend, Laurie Bible, both 16, were not found in the home and have not been found. Jones confessed to the killings but later recanted. Jones confessed to Sheriff Jimmie Sooter that he killed the Freeman couple and that the teenage girls ran out of the home and into Jones truck. He drove them to Kansas, he said, where he allegedly killed them and disposed of their bodies. Based on information given to the detectives, a search of mining pits and sinkholes was conducted but nothing was found. Jones has not been charged in the Freeman case. In 2018 Ronnie Busick was arrested in connection with the murders—which reportedly were committed because of a debt—and the girls disappearance. As of July 2019 he remained in custody awaiting trial. A storage building in Douglas County, Georgia, belonging to Jones was searched in late 2004. The police found eight pictures of women among his personal belongings. Six of the women have been identified. The last two pictures may be of the same woman but her whereabouts havent been established. Trial During Jones trial for Nichols murder, he changed his story about the events of the night she died. He previously had confessed to killing Nichols, but when he testified he blamed the shooting on Nichols neighbor. He claimed that he and the neighbor entered the home but the neighbor shot Nichols. The neighbor had died a few months before the trial began. Prosecutors told jurors that Jones was staying with a neighbor of Nichols a few days before Hurricane Ivan hit the area. After the hurricane, the area had no electricity and was in a blackout. Jones barged in on Nichols, raped her, and then shot her three times in the head. In an attempt to cover up his crime, he set the mobile home on fire, but it only partially burned Nichols and the room where she was found. Coward and Moral Pervert Along with Jones confessions, prosecutors presented DNA evidence that blood found on Jones clothing matched Nichols blood. Assistant Alabama Attorney General Don Valeska read a taped conversation between Jones and his friend, Mark Bentley, in which Jones told Bentley he killed Nichols when he was high on drugs: It was like a nightmare, I was in a movie... I was higher than I had ever been in my whole life. Valeska told jurors to look at Jones if they wanted to see evil: a coward, a moral pervert, and purveyor of drugs. Guilty The jury reached a verdict in two hours, convicting Jones of rape, burglary, sexual abuse, kidnapping, and capital murder. In confessions over the months before his trial, Jones made unsubstantiated claims to have committed up to 20 murders over 13 years.   As of October 2019 Jones was on death row in Holman Correctional Facility in Atmore, Alabama. Sources Suspected Serial Killer Sentenced to Death in Ala. Murder. Fox News.Barker, Kimberly. Experts to test Busiks competency. The Joplin Globe.Lehr, Jeff. Jones death-penalty conviction upheld in Alabama. The Joplin Globe.

Friday, December 20, 2019

The Role Of Criminology And The Criminal Justice System

Civilization experienced in most parts of the world has enabled societies to organize themselves into sovereign states governed by the rule of law. Laws, policies, rules and regulations formulated by various arms of government set legal limits through which people can operate. As such, every person is held responsible for their decisions and actions as far as the rule of law is concerned. Violation of these set rules is a crime and it is punishable as stipulated in most state constitutions across the world. Through criminal justice systems, people’s conducts are judged according to guiding laws and principles and those found guilty are punished for their crimes. Criminological enterprise In the above context, criminology therefore refers to the scientific approach to studying criminal behavior. Apparently, every crime committed is usually motivated by different factors. For instance, some people end up committing offenses due to the inability to control their anger while others become overwhelmed by their greed. Criminology is therefore the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. Not only does it examine criminal activities but also explores the process of making laws, breaking laws and how the society reacts towards breaking of laws. The sole objective of criminology is to explain all the general and verified principles as well as any type of knowledge regarding this process of law, crime and treatment. There are numerous theoretical orientations toShow MoreRelatedA Comparative Study of the Field Criminal Justice and Criminology1314 Words   |  6 PagesFields Criminal Justice and Criminology Javier Landa-Miranda Ivy Tech Community College CRIM 101 What is Criminal Justice and what is Criminology? They are the same? Those are the questions that people ask their selves when they talk about those fields. There might be many controversies about the differences and similarities about Criminal Justice and Criminology. People must think that these two fields are totally different or just the same thing. The reality is that Criminal Justice and CriminologyRead MoreAdvantages And Disadvantages Of Theory Integration1050 Words   |  5 Pagestwo theories are relaying the same message with different opinions. Another advantage is that integration brings consistency to theories Future of Theory Integration Theory integration requires goals in order to make an impact on the future of criminology. According to Muftic (2009), the first goal of integration is theory reduction. Reducing the number of theories that basically explain the same behavior reduces the competition amongst researchers as well as inconsistency in theories. A second goalRead MoreCriminology And Sociology : Criminology1296 Words   |  6 PagesSummary of Criminology and Sociology: Criminology is concerned with examining the complex issues of crime and criminality to find its underlying causes. To do this criminology primarily aims to achieve answers as to why crime occurs; who is committing said crimes and how society as a whole will respond to crime with regards to policy changes and its place in the media (Australian Institute of Criminology: 2015). Sociology is the scientific study of human social interactions in a societal contextRead MoreClassical Theory of Criminology Essay1523 Words   |  7 PagesCriminology is the study of why individuals engage or commit crimes and the reasons as to why they behave in certain ways in different situations (Hagan, 2010). Through understanding the reasons or why an individual commits a crime, one can come up with ways to prevent and control crime or rehabilitate criminals. There exist a large number of criminology theories, some link crime to an individual or person; they believe a person weighs the cons and pros and makes a conscious decision on whether toRead MoreCriminology Theories and Capital Crimes1182 Words   |  5 PagesCriminology Theories and Capital Crimes: As part of the distinct aspects of criminal justice policy, the different criminology theories have significant impacts on the criminal justice system. The different theories of crime are used to explain criminal justice policy and the criminal justice system. These theories were developed by different people in attempts to explain criminal justice. In addition, criminological theories assist is shaping the societys reaction to offense in relation to preventingRead MoreEssay about Criminological Theories1544 Words   |  7 PagesThere are many different aspects of criminal justice policy. One in particular is the different theories of crime and how they affect the criminal justice system. The Classical School of criminology is a theory about evolving from a capital punishment type of view to more humane ways of punishing people. Positivist criminology is maintaining the control of human behavior and criminal behavior. They did this through three different categories of Biologica l studies, which are five methodologiesRead MoreThe Criminal Justice System1700 Words   |  7 PagesIn order for the Criminal Justice System to effectively deter crime, it is imperative to understand what causes crime, understand why crime exists and why offenders engage in criminal behaviour. In the 18th century criminologists such as Jeremy Bentham, Cesare Bonesana-Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso all established criminological theories, in an attempt to achieve this goal. The most influential theories are known as the Classical and Positivist perspectives. Both of these theories have had a long-termRead MoreCriminology : Crime And Crime1410 Words   |  6 PagesCriminology is defined by the book Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction, which was written by author Dr. Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., as â€Å"the scientific study of the causes and prevention of crime and the rehabilitation and punishment of offenders† (Schmalleger, 2006, p. 20). People look at criminology in a big concept of criminal prevention but criminology in itself carries a wide variety of functions in treating crime and providing punishment to those who commit crimes. Crime increases when theRead MoreTheory Of Peacemaking Criminology1732 Words   |  7 Pageswhich emerged within the criminology discipline in the late 20th century. As this segment progress, the readers will become acquainted with the historical background of peacemaking, proponents of the theory, and explanations as to what is peacemaking, expanding on restorative justice, a form of peacemaking c riminology and finally conclude this section with critiques and discussion on peacemaking criminology as discussed during the class presentation. Peacemaking criminology grew out of the conflictRead MoreCriminology is the Scientific Study of a Crime1026 Words   |  4 Pages The definition of Criminology is the scientific study of crime, as a social phenomenon of criminals, and penalty treatment (Citation Required). Criminology is the basis of the criminal justice system, it aids with assessing criminals and punishing them justly within the justice system. One key question that should be asked is the justice system allowing criminals to get away by pleading insane, mental, or saying that they weren’t in control of their body. This paper will look at specific examples

Social Realism And The Works Of Literature - 2080 Words

. Chapter – 1 Introduction Literature has thousands threads which can weave the beautiful piece of art each time thread has its own importance in the creative work. In the same way, there are different narratives techniques for the narration in literature. Among those narrative techniques, Realism in literature, is an approach that attempts to describe life without Idealization or Romantic subjectivity. Social realism also known as Socio Realism, is an artistic movement, expressed which mainly depicts working class activities. Social realism in the plays are the representative of real life, with all its difficulties. The stories and people portrayed are every day characters, usually from working class background. Typically, plays within the social realist canon are gritty, urban dramas about the struggle to survive the daily grind. An art movement, that refers to the work of writers, painters, and filmmakers is known as Social Realism. The artists draw attention to the everyday conditions of the working classes and the poor, and are critical of the social structures that maintain these poor conditions. While the movement s artistic styles vary from nation to nation, it almost always uses a form of descriptive or critical realism. Social Realism developed as a reactionShow MoreRelatedRealism and the Humanities 1718 Words   |  7 PagesRealism in and of itself is a broad subject, and has many different areas that can be discussed. The Realism Movement directly challenged Romanticism and the romanticists, because it was more interested in showing how things were, rather than feelings, beauty, and subjectivity that the romantics favored. Many things were gained from the movement, and its effects still stay around today. This is obvious in various works, like Chekhov and Ibsen, and in artwork that is still revered today. The RealismRead MoreThe Realism Movement Of France1606 Words   |  7 PagesThe Realism Movement in France Gustave Courbet, a major influence of the Realism movement, defined Realism as a human conclusion which awakened the very forces of man against paganism, Greco-Roman art, the Renaissance, Catholicism, and the gods and demigods, in short against the conventional ideal† (New World Encyclopedia). According to the Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, the definition of realism is the theory or practice in art or literature of fidelity to nature or to real life and toRead MoreEssay about The History and Theory of Magical Realism1057 Words   |  5 PagesThe History and Theory of Magical Realism Magical Realism is one of todays most popular subjects in literature to discuss regarding its history and theory of Magical Realism. It began in the Latin culture and now is known word wide for its attributes. Magical Realism is even rivaling some of the great masterpieces of modern and past literature. Someday Magical Realism will be recognized and respected just as the classics are today. Magical Realism supposedly began in 1935 with its goldenRead More19th Century Changes for Europe and America1453 Words   |  6 PagesRomanticism, Realism to Symbolism, each had their own unique way of looking at life and meaning. These differences and similarities in style can be seen in their respective various forms of philosophy, as well as music and literature. The age of Enlightenment began as one of the first alternative ways of thinking. It emphasized more scientific reason and fact rather than believing that God controlled all things. The age of Enlightenment saw advances in science, philosophy and literature. Some famousRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain864 Words   |  4 PagesThere are many different time periods in literature, and throughout these periods the way authors or poets wrote their works gradually changed during each period. These periods are known as realism, modernism, and also post-modernism. As one period of literature would come to a close and the new one would begin author wanted to make a change in the way literature was written. With each change in period, author s would want to do something different than the previous period due to the fact of theRead More The History and Theory of Magical Realism Essay1217 Words   |  5 PagesHistory and Theory of Magical Realism      Ã‚  Ã‚   Fantasy, Magical, Supernatural, Sublime, and Realism are all several genres of literature that may be familiar to many people. However, there may be one that is not as well-known as these: Magical Realism. Although Magical Realism is mostly common in the Latin American countries, one may wonder where and how Magical Realism got its start. On the other hand, one may simply wonder what some of the characteristics of Magical Realism are. By looking at the historyRead More`` Ain t I A Woman ``865 Words   |  4 PagesExploration of Realism Although the United States of America in the 1800s was a fairly new country, it was very hectic due to the Civil War. For a while, people wanted to get away or hide from their realities when they wrote or read literature. During the Civil War, mindsets changed and people were tired of the fantasies. People craved realistic stories with real, life-like endings. Realist writers answered the cry of Americans who wanted to explore realistic literature; Sojourner Truth’s â€Å"Ain’tRead MoreMaster And Margarit The Genre Of Russian Socialist Realism1742 Words   |  7 PagesThe genre of Russian Socialist Realism is firmly tied up with the political change that occurred in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and 30s, after the Bolshevik Revolution, and has ruled every single masterful field until the separation of the Soviet Union in 1991. With the new post-progressive philosophies that were being put into utilization by the Soviet government to energize the procedure of collecti vization and industrialization, the requirement of Socialist Realism as a primary scholarly classificationRead MoreThe Birth Of The Realism And Modernism Era1322 Words   |  6 PagesEdith Wharton Literary History The birth of the Realism and Modernism era appeared during the late eighteenth century to early nineteenth century. Both Realism and Modernism are evident in many of Edith Wharton’s literary works. Realism came from chaotic times where it â€Å"encompasses the period of time from the Civil War†(Realism from American). The United States grew enormously after the civil war with â€Å"the rapid growth in industrialism and urbanization, an expanding population base due to immigrationRead MoreLiterature and Social Reality1340 Words   |  6 PagesLiterature and Social Reality xxxx ENG/492 xxxx xxxx In this paper I will discuss and analyze the social forces of immigration and industrialization that shape literature during the period of 1865 to 1912. I will describe the major literary movements of the period. Additionally I will explain how Realism and Naturalism influenced the literature of the period, how immigration and industrialization contributed to the influences. I will illustrate using examples from some of the

Thursday, December 12, 2019

Key Problems With The Current System In Kariba †Free Samples

Question: Discuss about the Key Problems With The Current System In Kariba. Answer: Keys Problems with the current system The Kariba case is an excellent example of wrong management of public wealth and expenditure and thereby revenue allocation. It shows that the resources havent been allocated well. A well-defined and functioning public expenditure system should include within itself some of the traits like transparency, optimum allocation of the available resources, accuracy, timeliness, focused and strategic efforts, accountability, flexibility, efficiency in the utilization of resources, etc. (Alexander, 2016). Some of the key problems with the current system in Kariba are listed below: Moving to the cash budget: Under the well-managed systems, there is an approved and well-planned expenditure budget and thefinance ministry should not over exceed its budget, expectations or forecasted amounts. The government should follow discipline in its fiscal policy without being relying heavily on the availability and transfer of cash. Thus, in order to avoid moving to cash budget, it should be properly prepared and followed. Uneven allocation of expenditures not in line with the priorities: The government has defined objectives at the start. It aims to increase the share in social, economic, law and order and reduce the allocation to defence and administration sector in terms of intersectoral distribution, whereas it is aiming to increase the share for primary schooling and health care and decreasing the share for tertiary sector in the intrasectoral allocation. Even after these priorities, resources are not being spent and distributed consciously as planned (Boccia Leonardi, 2016). Huge gap between the official and actual process of budgeting: This is one of the major shortcoming and fundamental issue in Kariba system as it lacks credibility and accountability due to which officers do not take the budgeting process seriously and often end up delegating the same to the inexperienced junior people. This makes the budget and expenditure planning wag and the objectives are not being met and hence, the resources are wasted. Inability to get the timely, accurate and comprehensive reports on public expenditure and revenue allocation: For the respective government departments to function effectively and efficiently, they should have access to the timely and accurate reports on expenditures which will help them to analyse the variations and deviations and help them to take the corrective action, but the same is not available (Dichev, 2017). Failure to put the accountability on one single person or department: Because of the fragmentation between the departments and the central and line agencies, the responsibility for managing the budget is not fixed on any single department. This makes it difficult to make the spending officers liable and accountable for not meetings their targets. Lack of incentives: This is one of the major problems which hinders the appropriate, effective and efficient use of the public resources, as there is no incentive for such an action and meeting the targets. Lack of trust among the agencies involved in the budgeting process: There is huge tension and suspicion among the teams and members in the central and local agencies who are involved in the budgeting process (Goldmann, 2016). The mutual collaboration is missing in the Kariba budgeting process without which it cannot be a success. There are many other small and big reasons for the failure of current system beyond what is stated above in the points. How Philips should approach the issue The above-mentioned problems of public expenditure and revenue allocation needs to be redressed on priority and there are few ways in which the same can be normalised. Incentive is the most effective scheme which can help the people to look more seriously into the public resources system and proper allocation of the same. The disbursements of the funds take place arbitrarily and in a non-transparent fashion which makes it vulnerable to the political intervention and manipulation because of which departments like defence get fewer resources at the expense of cabinet officers priorities. Here are some of the ways that Philips should try out: Cabinet must take the responsibility of proper allocation of the duties and budget to the line ministries and should agree to the fiscal agenda and thereafter do a proper accounting, recording, monitoring and dissemination of the resources and duties to the respective divisions(Trieu, 2017). Permanent secretaries should follow more strict and professional approach and should be made directly accountable to the secretary of the cabinet rather than their individual ministers. A sense of mutual trust and better understanding and collaboration should develop amongst the cabinet department and operating ministries their responsibilities should be clearly defined and segregated with no overlapping. The whole budgeting process should be reinstated and revamped by increasing the accuracy of the forecasting of budgeting estimates, by ensuring that Ministry of Finance takes the process more seriously and a transparent approach is being followed with more involvement of the senior leaders(Kew Stredwick, 2017). Use of the participative budgeting technique instead of the imposed budgeting technique which will help the line ministries to work more independently and set up their own budgets with flexibility such that they are remain within the ambit of the fiscal parameters. The actual and planned disbursements of funds should be co related and the process should be strengthened so that the resources are first being utilised for the high priority areas. This will call for strategic planning within the cabinet ministry and implementation of the same. The larger spending targets should be broken down into smaller time to ensure more accuracy and focused efforts. Public spending which should be a serious capital budgeting procedure is currently a wish list or just a shopping list activity for the donors. The same should be overhauled and the priority projects should first receive the funds. The long hanging projects and even the future ones should be analysed for their rate of returns and the extent to which they meet the current government priorities (Kew Stredwick, 2017). Post proper scrutiny, the amount should be allocated for the public investment program and accountability must be defined. The election in any country poses serious problems within any country from structural point of view. Therefore, for the Karibaian government to progress, it should reduce the public sector size so that amount and resources can be equally distributed among the skilled staff salaries and funding of the basic requirements(Visinescu, Jones, Sidorova, 2017). Thus, Philips through informal accountability system and collective pressure on the ministry can get the above points into consideration to improve the current situation in Kariba. References Alexander, F. (2016). The Changing Face of Accountability. The Journal of Higher Education, 71(4), 411-431. Boccia, F., Leonardi, R. (2016). The Challenge of the Digital Economy. Markets, Taxation and Appropriate Economic Models, 1-16. Dichev, I. (2017). On the conceptual foundations of financial reporting. Accounting and Business Research, 47(6), 617-632. Goldmann, K. (2016). Financial Liquidity and Profitability Management in Practice of Polish Business. Financial Environment and Business Development, 4, 103-112. Kew, J., Stredwick, J. (2017). Business Environment: Managing in a Strategic Context (second ed.). London: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Trieu, V. (2017). Getting value from Business Intelligence systems: A review and research agenda. Decision Support Systems, 93, 111-124. Visinescu, L., Jones, M., Sidorova, A. (2017). Improving Decision Quality: The Role of Business Intelligence. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(1), 58-66.

Code of Ethics Design free essay sample

Companies aspire to be a great and that success depends greatly upon their organizational structure. They are the people who are accountable for achieving big, bold goals with unwavering integrity. People who are leaders, that appreciate being a truly great company, they must continually strive to do better. Kaizen is a Japanese word that means to improve ourselves and help others improve too. How we think, impacts our productivity and success. We have to do things right but also in the right way to help empower others toward success. Employees, managers, and shareholders must communicate with honesty and respect while dealing with others in the worldwide business market. Ethical values that are held dear often become endangered, threatened, disagreed over, and or conflicted. The Standards of Business Ethics Behavior Policy states the values to which we entrust and embody the ethical responsibility of the individual professionals employed in this corporation’s environment. The principles of this Policy are expressed in broad statements to guide ethical decision making. These standards of business conduct are an extension of our company’s values and the foundation of our business tenets. The Standards reflect our collective commitment to ethical business practices and OSHA regulations compliances. We provide information, education, and resources to help you make informed business decisions and to act with integrity. Working together as a team allows us to continually enhance our culture in ways that help others and our partners in our business world. They strengthen our interactions with others. We can truly achieve our mission of enabling people and businesses throughout the world realize their potential. These statements provide a framework; they cannot and do not dictate conduct to cover particular situations. Our values guide our behaviors and must shine through in all our interactions with each other and our stakeholders. Employees, managers, and shareholders of this company are great people who would share the following values: (1) Integrity and honesty, (2) passion for customers, partners, and technology, (3) open and respectful with others and dedicated to making them better, (4) willingness to take on big challenges and see them through, (5) self-critical, questioning, and committed to personal excellence and self-improvement. All employees, shareholders, and managers are responsible for understanding and complying with the Standards of Business Ethics Behavior Policy, applicable government regulations and or policies. The five Standards are supported by a rationale and have guidelines for issues professionals are likely to encounter. These guidelines provide directions to assist professionals in dealing with issues they may face within each Standard contained in this code of conduct. The Standards of Business Ethics, with the five standards, rationale, and guidelines, has been formulated to serve as a basis for ethical decision-making. In addition, the Standards may provide support for evaluating the merits of new business, formal complaints pertaining to violation of professional ethical standards of business ethics, and provide for ethical guidelines in implementing new business in a setting and implementation of this Standards of Business Policy. Within this Standards of Business Ethical Policy, some words and phrases may be subjected to varying interpretations. The principles, rationale, or guidelines may conflict with other ethical principles in specific circumstances and in some instances where questions arise, answers can be developed through thoughtful consideration of fundamental principles or assistance in answering may be sought through an appropriate review board governing this Standards of Business Ethics Policy. Rationale Standard of Business Ethic 1: Integrity and Honesty a. Honor a written decision to deny something requested. b. Inform employee that something may contain items that are illegal, defamatory, inaccurate, or potentially offensive to some people. c. Business technology resources should not be used for personal use or profit, product advertisement or political lobbying. d. Do not conceal or help to conceal or cover up violations by anyone. You are encouraged to report any violation of these guidelines by another individual and any information relating to a problem in security or operation to the Department Coordinator. e. All policies referencing technology will be communicated to community business members. f. Guide, accept, and assess honest criticism of technical work, acknowledge and correct errors, and credit properly the contributions of all colleagues. Rationale Standard of Business Ethic 2: Passion for customers, partners, and technology Contribute to society and human well being a. Work to extend public knowledge, understanding, and appreciation of information processing and its consequences. b. Develop partnerships with external organizations and the community. c. Teach others to be critical thinkers about information they read. d. Assist in developing life-long learning habits and expertise utilizing technologies. e. Help others develop technology skills, through meaningful experiences, that will be applicable in the world outside of this setting. f. Utilize technology to support positive growth of human educational processes and instruction, and provide built-in evaluative means that protect internal human ecological aspects of the community that all technology effects. Rationale Standard of Business Ethic 3: Open and respectful with others and dedicated to making them better a. Treat all colleagues and others fairly regardless of race, color, creed, gender, marital status, political or religious belief, disability, age, national origin, family, social or cultural background, or sexual orientation. b. Make adaptive technologies available to colleagues to overcome handicaps and learning disabilities when reasonable and appropriate. c. Colleagues and others should have equal access to technologies unless denied by rules contained within a business acceptable use policy or adopted compliance policy. d. Encourage others in their independent pursuit of technology to abide by the business’s acceptable use policy or adopted compliance policy. Rationale Standard of Business Ethic 4: Willingness to take on big challenges and see them through and Compliance a. Data collected should be considered private and accessible by authorized personnel only. Minimize the amount of data collected and ensure proper security for storage and disposal. b. Instruct others on responsible written communication, etiquette and privacy issues. c. Technologies should be used to perform surveillance on colleagues only as warranted within established guidelines. d. Respect colleagues rights to privacy, as outlined in policy. e. The employee will maintain client anonymity when publishing to the web through use of technologies or compliance policy. This may be achieved through the use of pseudonyms instead of actual client name. f. The employee shall turn in all projects or commitments on time or in a timely fashion. Rationale Standard of Business Ethic 5: Self-critical, questioning, and committed to personal excellence, self-improvement, and Compliance a. Uphold and promote the principles of the code contained within this document. b. The employee shall not accept any gratuity, gift, or favor that might impair or appear to influence professional decisions or action. This student personally believes in all of the standards as set forth in this paper. In the past, this student has refused to work with unethical people or schools and has left schools when it was found they were not acting in an ethical manner. â€Å"The company is only as strong as its weakest worker. Strong ethical structures and dictates in a company often increase the probability of better ethical outcomes. Leaders who model, enforce, and reward desired behaviors because nothing damages organizational ethics as â€Å"do as I say not as I do† (Markette, 2013). Further, this student believes that educators have a profound effect on the current and lasting social and ethical issues relating to technologies. The education profession is vested by the public with a trust and responsibility requiring the highest ideals of technology use within education for the long-term benefits of the student. The quality with which educators admit, acquire, and utilize technologies within educational settings help each student realize his or her potential as a worthy, effective member of a technological, information-based society with life-long learning capabilities. The two organizations used to compare the Standards of Ethical Business presented in this paper to the Code of Ethics to were ASA the American Sociological Association and Ubuntu Code of Conduct v2. 0 which were both found on the internet. The major differences that are quite noticeable are that ASA only has five Codes to it as does the one presented in this paper. The Ubuntu Code has sixteen different items in their code. The Ubuntu Code is the only one that requires its believers to follow in spirit as well as in letter. It was written for others to use as a guide to go by when trying to make your own Code of Conduct for a company to begin. â€Å"This code of conduct exists to ensure that diverse groups collaborate to mutual advantage and enjoyment. We will challenge prejudice that could jeopardize the participation of any person in the project† (Ubuntu. 2013). All Codes of Ethics and Standards of Ethical Business were well written in a detailed clear and concise method. Employees, managers, and shareholders must communicate with honesty and respect while dealing with others in the worldwide business market. The Standards of Business Ethics Behavior Policy states the values to which we entrust and embody the ethical responsibility of the individual professionals employed in this corporation’s environment. To believe in spirit and in letter, behave in the manner that is set forth will provide safety for all corporations and people involved, and finally help the company become what it was meant to be. References Code of Ethics. 1995. [On-line]. Available gopher: gopher. ala. org:70 / 00 alagophii/ethics. txt Fullinwider, Robert. 1995. Professional codes and moral understanding. Res Publica 4:1-6. Code of Ethics. (2002). Code of Ethics, Maher Group. Retrieved from www. http://lrs. ed. uiuc. edu/students/nbaker/Nel3/index. htm ASA Code of Ethics http://www. asanet. org/about/ethics. cfm Alden, Sally Bowman, Executive Director Emphasizes Responsible Use of Technology Computer Learning Foundation http://www. computerlearning. org/articles/respmyth. htm Association for Computer Machinery ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct. 1992. [On-line] Availablehttp://www. acm. org/constitution/code. html 1993. In electronic format. IT Practitioners Handbook. Darlinghurst, NSW: Australian Computer Society. Association of Computing Machines (ACM) Code of Ethics and Professional Conducthttp://www. acm. org/constitution/code. html Center for Study of Ethics in the Professions Illinois Institute of Technology Code of Ethics of the Education Profession (National Education Association)http://www. nea. org/aboutnea/code. html Codes of Ethics On-Line Chico Unified School District, CA

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

Small Business Management Big Bottom Market

Question: How Can a Small Restaurant and Food Specialty Food Store Cope With the Highly Seasonal Sales? Answer: Most small businesses are challenged to maintain revenues with the fluctuations in market corresponding to slow offseason. Food, tourism and hospitality industry is one of the fields that is subconsciously subjected to business seasons. The seasons are related to weather changes, holidays, and events. Seasonal businesses are relatively subjected to closing their operations during low seasons when the business turnover is relatively low (Shields Shelleman 2013, p.38). During the slow business seasons, most businesses implement strategies attempted to ensure the business runs while the expenses are reduced to provide a balance in the cash flow. For example, some companys may opt to close during the low season while others choose to decrease the number of employees. Alternatively, some businesses may decide to venture into new activities by expanding their business operations. For instance, tour companies may opt to hire their vehicles or provide taxi services during the low seasons. Considerably. Most businesses during offseason focus on intensive and less costly marketing such as marketing to the local customers. The case of Big Bottom Market is an example of a business that is faced with the challenge of fluctuations during the low season. The firm has identified options to cope in the slow off-season by getting options from the employees. Additionally, the company has implemented strategies to trim off expenses such as trimming their staff and closed on Monday and Tuesdays, the slowest business days. These ideas were aimed at keeping the business afloat during the low season until the spring, the start of high season. These ideas have their set of advantages and disadvantages as discussed below. The first idea is to introduce a Big Bottom Market food truck to increase sales and build the brand name in the local area. Investing in food truck will be costly to Big Bottom Market dues to the initial costs of purchasing and refurbishing a food truck. Additionally, the food truck may not be able to access some regions in the areas. However, the investment is advantageous relating to the expected profit turnover. For instance, a food truck will accrue more profits, especially when working in partnership with event organizers that draw large crowds into their events. Additionally, a food truck offers flexibility and less risk to start up and set up compared to a restaurant. Obviously, operating a food truck is less costly since overhead costs are minimized. Contrary to restaurants, food trucks do not require a high number of staff such as cashiers, servers, and hosts (Heo 2013, p.120). Further still, it easier to operate and maintain the truck. Lastly, a food truck can assist in bui lding the companys brand at a low level and then expand to the broad market in the long-run. The food truck will provide an opportunity for Big Bottom Market to change their brand and image enhanced by the change in locations. Second, adding a catering service is a strategy of expanding the companys brand and image. Catering service is not a daily business since events do not occur on a regular basis. However, the catering service will ensure the restaurant gets exposure in the market while accruing profits. Party planners will be the primary target for the catering services, and with effective marketing, the company will gain revenues to make up for the slow business days. The third is the idea is to open for dinner. Based on the analysis of the market in the case, the company will get more profits in this idea only if they improve their services and market themselves while highlighting the selling points that customers will prefer rather than opting for the competitors. However, the idea may be less lucrative if the number of dinner customers is lower compared to the expenses incurred in dinner menu preparation. Lastly, the company may focus more on marketing to Guerneville residents, and emphasize the Big Bottom Markets signature biscuits and sell them through a gourmet wholesaler, such as Bi-Rite in San Francisco. This idea may be of marketing to residents will ensure the company gains loyalty to local customers. However, the marketing costs may be costly if the company opts for sales representatives to conduct marketing services. Additionally, selling the signature biscuits through a gourmet wholesaler such as Bi-Rite in San Francisco is likely to result in increased sales and immediate access to the market. The gourmet wholesaler is more familiar in the region, and the prospect of selling new products is high. Additionally, the gourmet wholesaler provides deeper market coverage compared to only selling through Big Bottom Market. It is recommendable for the company to focus on food truck business and catering services. Food truck business is likely to result in more sales while offering the benefit of building the brand image and name. Considerably, the company may sell the food truck later in the spring when the high season kicks off. Also, focusing on catering services is an alternative idea for the company that is attributed to high costs. Most of the events that focus on catering services such as party planners offer high rates for catering services. Essentially, these two ideas are less costly regarding reduced overhead costs and increased revenues. In conclusion, it is recommended that the company analysis the market intensively and weigh the benefits and disadvantages of each idea to avoid any unprecedented failures. Big Bottom Market may consider other options to stay afloat during the slow off-season. The company may offer to adjust the menu and optimize the inventory. The company may optimize the menu by tweaking it to include attractive dishes during the slow season. These dishes will ensure that the restaurant doors are open despite the slow business in low season. For instance, the company may offer local cuisines within the restaurant. However, in optimizing the menu, Big Bottom Market may consider that the do not cut off their signature items such as the biscuits. Besides, the company will optimize the inventory by ensuring that the purchases made are adequate for the low season and thus avoid over purchases. During this season, it is recommendable that the business reduces purchase son highly perishable products. Highly perishable products that may be in excess in the company result in losses. Moreover, highly perishable products are often more expensive and have a short shelf life. It i s thus recommendable for the company to tweak the menu to accommodate the fluctuations in the market during the offseason. Secondly, the company may offer new promotions aimed at increasing sales in the slow offseason. For instance, Big Bottom may focus on promoting alcoholic drinks rather than focusing on foods that have low demand in the season. The business may provide happy hours for the alcoholic beverages whereby particular drinks may be served at reduced costs. The promotions should be well planned and offer to attract repeat customers. Lastly, the business may focus on business development in the offseason. The company may brainstorm on new ideas strategies to attract more customers and increase sales when the peak season arrives. Considering that the peak season is extremely busy hence its difficult for the business to get time to plot new marketing and promotional ideas. From this point of reasoning, the company should utilize the offseason to develop new strategies for the incoming peak season and future offseason. In conclusion, the company can focus on reflecting on the high season. During this low season, the company can concentrate on training and gain new experiences that they will implement during the peak season. For instance, the company may discover new cuisine and offers to be marketing in the peak season. Social media tool are widely preferred for online marketing both by prominent business and small businesses. Compared to traditional marketing, online marketing is less costly and more efficient for the current online customers. Online marketing ensures business communicate directly and target the relevant audience for their services and products (Stelzner 2013).The Big Bottom Market may opt for various social media tools that suit their preferences and provide a direct target to the existing and potential clients. The business may choose tools such as Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, and Facebook. Big Bottom Market may use Instagram to allow online audience get a visual representation of the business. The company may share the restaurant design photos, dishes, menus, cuisines, table set-up, and the amenities pictures with sharp, attractive look. The company should maintain a steady flow of creative and original visual content to maintain an active Instagram feed to followers. Secondly, the business may use Twitter. It is necessary for the online marketers to learn and master Twitter tricks and jargons for effective marketing. The users need to learn Twitter jargons and conventions such as hashtags, retweets, direct messages and mentions. The company needs to post original content frequently to increase the businesss online visibility. It is important for the company to maintain keywords related to the market to improve the interactions with similar business and customers. The third online tool to consider is LinkedIn; the company should set up an official company page on LinkedIn. LinkedIn is the most preferred online tool for professional users who are mainly well-educated and professionals in different industries. The company will benefit from this tool by connecting itself with other potential partners, employees, and businesses. Lastly, the company will utilize its online presence through Facebook. Facebook offers a wide range network of people to connect and share content. The company will focus on promoting exclusive deals, dishes and offering online promotional campaigns, coupons, and offers. The company will track its visibility through shares and likes on the companys official page. References Heo, C.Y., 2013. Restaurant revenue management.Revenue management for hospitality and tourism. Woodeaton, Oxford: Goodfellow Publishers ltd, pp.118-129. Shields, J. and Shelleman, J., 2013. Small business seasonality: Characteristics and management.Small Business Institute Journal,9(1), pp.37-50. Stelzner, M.A., 2013.2013 Social media marketing industry report: How marketers are using social media to grow their businesses. SocialMediaExaminer.com.

Change Blindness free essay sample

A paper which analyzes experiments done to further understand change blindness. The paper describes change blindness as the inability of an individual to recall the changes between two different scenes. The paper discusses an experiment done whereby a basic question was asked in the study whether change blindness could occur because of an individuals inability to compare the changes between two existing scenarios. It shows how the experimenters devised three different experiments for this purpose and the results showed that many participants who failed to recall any details about the pre-change were able to think of some of the pre-change scene when questions were asked in this regard. The paper also discusses follow-up experiments. Keeping this in mind an attempt should be made to investigate comparison failures that occur with the inability to recognize the change in a given situation. It has been noted that even though overwriting does play an important role with regard to change blindness, other variables may also contribute to the latter phenomenon besides overwriting of course. We will write a custom essay sample on Change Blindness or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Another thing that the study has proven is the fact that change blindness may occur in spite of the fact that sufficient representational evidence occurs to suggest the presence of a change. An attempt must now be made to find out why this happens in spite of the most apparent changes.