Friday, December 21, 2018
'Geography Bangladesh Coursework\r'
'To what end does the Physical Environment of Bangladesh determine its direct of training? What efforts could be made to curtail the rurals problems? The function of this coursework is to investigate how Bangladeshs Physical surroundings is affecting the rate of the increase of the coun resolve. Further more than, to explore what efforts could be made to reduce the coun reachs problems. [Section 1] To what cessation does the Physical Environment of Bangladesh determine its direct of developing? Bangladesh is situated in s forbiddenhern Asia.\r\nIt is surrounded by India, and borders Burma. The commonwealth is close to 150 million spate; 45% of its existence is in poverty. The minority of the world of in Bangladesh be located in Dhaka, the capital city, Chittagong and Khulna; intimately of the population argon located in rural atomic list 18as. The key river running with Bangladesh is the gang up-Brahmaputra. This river is the principal(prenominal) energise of the issues in Bangladesh. Monsoons occur e very(prenominal)(prenominal) year, without fail, causation the country even more problems.\r\n solitary(prenominal) 40. % of the adult population argon literate, and l oneness(prenominal) 21. 6% of children perk up secondary education. The organization ar continually trying to puzzle out the problems, however this is unsuccessful as a return of the countrys pitiful wealth. Bangladesh is 49. 8% down the stairs the poverty line referring to its wealth, and its rapid population growth hinders the growing of the country. There argon numerous savvys why Bangladesh is an LEDC. The briny creator for this, is the flooding which occurs every year as a harsh go out of the monsoons, prohibiting the stop add up of growing.\r\nThe river Ganges-Brahmaputra is seen as an Ã¢â¬Ëuntameable river, which changes its mold very frequently. This ca exercises adventure in itself as it destroys umpteen move of Bangladeshs fertile land w hich is at is take up by the river. As a result of this, at that agency atomic number 18 a big bucks of homes located along the river as it is a of import blood line of body of urine system for routine life, and to provide jobs much(prenominal) as land and agricultural work. As a result of this, the continuous create and rebuilding of communities uses condemnation and cash, consequently slowing down the rise of the country.\r\nA nonher reason for Bangladesh universe an LEDC is a consequence of its highly dense population. This would non be a problem if notes was sufficient in Bangladesh, unless the country is poor, nitty-gritty it loafernot provide for its galactic number of inhabitants. Finally, the supporter oneself tending(p) to Bangladesh by an early(a)(prenominal) countries can be useless, for example, much of the bullion tutelage given to the Bangladeshi government, be loans. When the country cannot afford pay certify the loans, Bangladesh is in more and more debt, importation the developing of the country is decelerate.\r\nFurthermore, some of the early(a) aid given to the country does not help the poor, continuing poverty; highly-skilled experts can be expensive, again spending the currency the government do not rush; charities can be influenced by the people who support them, hence the aid given may to be teach a certain subject, whereas simple life skills may be of more use; and fi- nally, the aid may be given to individuals, quite an than communities which would be more useful. Bangladesh is mingled with re-creates 2 and 3 in development. The country is gravely educated, convey families argon stuck in a poverty circle.\r\nThis is when a family atomic number 18 poor, they give many another(prenominal) children because the majority of them entrust guide due to di sease and malnutrition. The family need the live on children to work to provide for the family, and to look afterward the p bents when they are oldish. Then the children have children, who leave do the same for their parents. This is a barbarian circle which is extremely hard to occupy out of. other reason why Bangladesh is in in the midst of the stages 2 and 3 is because of the floods, continually destroying tell aparts of the country, and their invaluable crops which help to provide many, many families with income.\r\nFurthermore, the money aid given to the country is usually in the form of loans; when the country is uneffective to render these loans, they receive into serious debt. The reason Bangladesh is in the development stages among 2 and 3 is as a result of a combination of factors. (Data from 1989. ) The employment structure in Bangladesh is very different from here in the UK. In the UK, neighboring 7% of the population are un employ; whereas in Bangladesh, 25% of the population are unemployed. Of those who are employed, 75% work in agricultural jobs such as, farming the fertile land.\r\nIn the UK, entirely 2% of the population are employed for agricultural positions. % of the Bangladeshi population are working for the industry, and 20% of the UK work for the industry. 78% of the employed population in the UK are working in services, and just 19% in Bangladesh. This data shows that Bangladesh are fluent very much relying on the old mood of life, working on farms for example, duration most of the population in the UK are working in jobs such as policemen/women. This in like manner implies that if the land is damaged, or crops do not flourish successfully as a result of the flooding, almost cardinal fifths of the population suffer from an immense wasteweir in their income.\r\nThis is a major reason contributing to why Bangladeshs physiological environmental is such an seismic disturbance on the stage of development. Bangladesh do have another way of making money though. They export roughly goods, chiefly to the US. The master(prenominal) exports are lean product s, textiles, clothing and jute (a type of woven material). This brought in $1,305 million to Bangladesh in 1989. Bangladesh is situated in Asia. It borders Burma, and is surrounded by India. The land in Bangladesh is mainly floodplains and delta; suggesting that there would be a high level of flooding in the country, slowing down any development of the area.\r\nAs we can see from the map, (below), most of the land is in the colour blue, importee it is very close to sea level, increase the chances of flooding. Also, there are many spongy locations liable to flooding. The majority of the country is up to just 10 meters above sea level. The country is flat, also meaning when ample quantitys of flooding by the large and main rivers occur, the water would spread out quickly, therefore this would affect vast areas of the country, rather than just secluded areas. The main rivers flowing through Bangladesh are the River Brahmaputra, the River Meghna and the River Ganges.\r\nThis, therefo re, affects a huge number of the people, as when the rivers flood, the rivers are close together, increase the volume of the flood water, and increasing the impact on the Bangladeshi ordering. As a result of the country being mainly floodplains and the four main rivers running through, building on the plains would be unconstructive and a waste of valuable money, this meaning the development of the country is very limited, due to the physical features of Bangladesh. The climate in Bangladesh is split into terzetto main phases; the baking sequence, the cool season and the rainy season.\r\nThe hot season is between March and June. The cool season is between November and February, and the rainy season is between June to September. The hot season is known to consist of close to heavy showers. Depending on the area, the amount of rain throughout Bangladesh in the rainy season, kitchen stoves between 200cm and 300cm; the north tends to have the most rain. During this season, tropica l rainstorms occur also. These can cause very strong scents and more heavy rain. The wind spreads the flood water out more over many miles, causing redundant flooding, prohibiting development of the country further.\r\nThe temperatures in Bangladesh are fairly consistent. The temperatures do drop during the winter, but on average, do not bring back to below 10 degrees Celsius. In the summer, the temperatures have their highest during April and May. These temperatures are roughly 34 degrees Celsius. The yearly monsoons have devastating effects on the people of Bangladesh. Firstly, the floods have destroyed many of the Bangladeshi peoples homes and many communities, leaving some dead, and some badly injured. Aid has to be called for as the country cannot support itself alone, meaning they have to rely on others.\r\nAnother effect is that cattle are stranded and worse, drowned in the floods. This means farmers are losing valuable Ã¢â¬Ë similarlyls, consequently loosing money as a result. Furthermore, the water will become moribund and cause things to rot, attracting vermin, eventually spreading disease. In sum total to this, homes and building vital for development of the country will be destroyed, delivery development back to square one every time there is a major flood. As we can see, there is a huge impact of monsoons on the whole country, keeping it in a state of poverty.\r\nYes, the weather does effect the development of the country as every time the country is flooded, valuable and limited money is dog-tired on repairs and aid. This can get Bangladesh onto serious debt, meaning money is spent on other things which need to be spent on development, stumping the development of the country on a first-string basis. There are three main rivers running through Bangladesh. There is the River Brahmaputra (below leftover and below right), the River Meghna and the River Ganges. The River Brahmaputra is the largest of the three; it is 2,900km long in total .\r\nThe river does not start in Bangladesh, but it splits into two there. The river also flows through Tibet, India and chinaware as well as Bangladesh. The rivers source is high up in the Himalayas in Tibet, and travels at a steep anticlimax until it finally levels out in the plains in India. After 35km of travel, the river joins to two others, and becomes the very widely River Brahmaputra. The river travels into Bangladesh, and is use there for a range of purposes. The main ones being a source of energy, food, clean water, deposition of waste in the deepest parts, defence barriers and transport.\r\nOne of the most important uses of the river is for energy. Because there are waves, generators are assembled and when the waves confer off of them, energy and power is created. such(prenominal) energy is produced every second because the river is so large. Another main use of the river, is that it is libertine moving water, (not as fast as the Ganges), meaning it is fresh, enabl ing the people to use it as drinking water. People will bottle this water, and sell it. A good way of making money. People are able to use boats and swim in the river as the water is not as rough in the River Brahmaputra than it is in the River Ganges.\r\nThe river causes many problems as well as being of use to the people. When it floods, which is every year, it kills crops, people and cattle. It also destroys homes and leaves villages wrecked. The river Ganges is seen as a untamed and untameable river. Its source is also in the Himalayas at the confluence of six other rivers. A confluence is the meeting of two or more rivers or water sources. The Ganges then flows through India and into Bangladesh. The river is seen as unspeakable to the people because when it comes into the city of Kanpur, it is joined by the Yamuna at Allahabad.\r\nThis point is recognised as the Sangam at Allahabad. The Sangam is a scared place in Hinduism, therefore the river has some unearthly meaning to i t. The River Ganges has also been used for modern day films, and to test out new submarines. Because of its unique features, some submarines and other vessels have been named after it. The final main river is the River Meghna. This river begins its journey in the hilly regions of India. It is the lone(prenominal) one of the three main rivers that truly forms inside of Bangladesh itself. It is a very dodgy river, so the people who live near it, cannot use it as it is so very dangerous.\r\nIts only use to its people is that it deposits a lot of silt, so therefore the topical anaesthetic farmers can enjoy successful crops. As we can see, each river has advantages and disadvantages. The River Ganges is viewed as the to the lowest degree constructive of the main rivers as it is prone to flooding, and the deposition of silt is low, meaning it is of little use to farmers. In addition to this, the river is highly polluted. The River Meghna is useful as it deposits a lot of silt, yet is far too dangerous to bath or wash, induce clean etc. in. So, this means that the River Brahmaputra is the most useful to the country.\r\nIt allows people drinking water, water to cook, clean and sell. Furthermore, it is a huge supplier of energy to Bangladesh, meaning it is valuable for the development of the country. Deforestation does have a large impact on the rivers in Bangladesh. It increases the amount of surface flood where the forest has been unclouded because there is no interception of the plants and there are no trees to use the extra water in photosynthesis. This means that the surface runoff will flow into the rivers, causing the water levels to rise, and contributing to the flooding.\r\nTo conclude, the rivers have uses, but are also prone to at least 3 major floods a year, prevent the development of the country. Deforestation is causing a rise in water levels also. However, the River Brahmaputra is a useful source of energy, helping to raise to the development o f the country. There are many things which are being done to pommel the Bangladeshs problems. As a result of the countrys poor wealth, it is a great struggle to try to pull the country out of its menses state of poverty.\r\nThere already have been, and will be many schemes to try to rule out the problems Bangladesh has and is experiencing. For example, the Flood save Plan was set up, also, the World marge plan was established, flood guards have been purchased, and the H. E. E. D scheme was set up. The H. E. E. D plot The H. E. E. D scheme was developed and designed by the Tear farm animal. The Tear Fund is a Christian Charity, working globally to try to eliminate poverty. The H. E. E. D schemes aim was to support villages in Bangladesh to push for a better future. H. E. E. D stands for Health, Education, Economic, Development.\r\nThe scheme operates by addressing the roles of both women and men in society to allow everybody to play a part in trying to overcome problems, togeth er. Women form in groups of about 20 to reason problems and show that they have a vocalisation and that they also have rights in society. unaccompanied the women are able to do this as they are the only ones who have the time. Their main role is to be a housewife, feel after the family, while the men are out working. The men work as farmers all day, therefore they are unable to support the women as much.\r\n'