Thursday, May 16, 2019
Modernization Theory and Classical Dependency Theory Essay
modernization theory is the crop of changeing from a traditional or under fuck offed society to a modern Western societies way of life. Basically, Modernization theory became the foundation stone of this evolutionary prescription for development. The theory is non homogeneousnumerous proponents disagreed on several key features. But in broad outline, the theory focused on deficiencies in the poorer countries and speculated astir(predicate) ways to overcome these deficiencies. It viewed traditional society as a series of negatives stagnant and unchanging, not innovative, not profit-making, not progressing, not growing. Modernization is the economic growth within societies and the terzetto humans did not brook these economic or political transformations it was left behind. So the task of the third gear World is to transform itself from tradition to modernity. That is, to follow the footsteps of the Western world. In fact, because the path is now charted, these countries can av oid the mistakes made by the West. On the oppositewise hand, Dependency is also not a homogeneous, unified theoryserious uninflected differences persist within the school.Economic growth in advanced countries created Third World meagreness in its wake not simply that the Third World is poor in comparison with the industrialised world rather that it is poor because development of the industrial system in Western Europe and North the States changed and impoverished many societies of Asia, Africa and Latin America, done colonialism, imperialism and extractive monetary value of trade. When capitalism began to spread, the ceaseless search for profit began through the production of agricultural goods in colonies or other lands, and Western Europes ability to select unequal bargains. This fundamentally changed the social structures of the Third World. The term dependency comes from this link Some say the exploitation of various regions for their raw materials and labour impoverishe d them and made them depend on the West. Others point out that in fact it is the other way around that the West has been dependent on the Third World though history in order to be able to grow and prosper. Modernization theory sees capitalism as a creative force, ca utilize growth and progress.Dependency sees international capitalism as the ruin of the Third World. Modernization sees rich countries as helpers of poor countries dependency sees them as the main obstacle to the well-being of the poorer countries. not all of dependency theorists prescriptions are anti-capitalism however some seesome good in using capitalism and protectionism to enhance national economies. Both theories have point in terms on how develop these third world countries and address poverty. According to modernization perspective the causes of poverty are due to geomorphologic restraints placed on the third world by European powers. It describes the structural restraints as unequal exchange. The declining term s of trade as the price of exportations from the third world are decreasing, while prices from developed countries are increasing. This raise creates a circular trap as wages in third world countries are low, which declines the export prices, while wages in richer countries are increasing, which cause increases in the price of industrial goods. This means develop countries need to constantly increase their yields and exports for their profits to stay the same. On the other hand, dependency perspective argues that the causes of poverty in third world countries are due to their traditional cultures and values.These theories entrust that in order to act upon this problem poor countries can succeed through following the footsteps of developed countries. These would include invading other countries to. However, this is quite unachievable because we are now in modern time. In the case of the Philippines, I believe that we can achieve and become one of the develop countries. For exampl e, iphone has a metal cover and iron to its privileged body the metal was produced through mining and exported to some countries. When it goes back it becomes iphone and it cost more expensive. In other words, the countries that produced metal and have limited technology are making those developed countries richer. Instead of exporting those products, apply it within the country and profit more from it. Lack of technology is not the reason to depend in the western countries, impatient and being contented for what they have. They dont think of the better things that they can have. The significant essence of democracy was turned off and forgot that it is the rule of the mob. If these theories are really applicable how come third world countries are still crapping and suffering from poverty. But it is very applicable its just transcend that the attitude and the thinking of the pot are different. Like what I have learned from Cuban people, people must change their way of thinking.